زبان تخصصی عمران

کلمات کاربردی رشته مهندسی عمران

زبان تخصصی عمران
  • fracture
  • (شکستگی)
     
  • breaking of hard tissue such as bone
  • confirm
  • (تایید)
  • strengthen
  • sufficient
  • (کافی است)
  •  
  • of a quantity that can fulfill a need or requirement
  • deterioration
  • (زوال)
  • process of changing to an inferior state
  •  
  • perform
  • (انجام دادن)
  • get done
  • evidence
  • (شواهد و مدارک)
  • knowledge on which to base belief
  •  
  • component
  • (جزء)
  • one of the individual parts making up a larger entity
  • pseudo
  • (شبه)
  • not genuine but having the appearance of
  • modification
  • (تغییر)
  • the act of making something different
  • expect
  • (انتظار)
  • regard something as probable or likely
  • statement
  • (بیانیه)
  • the act of affirming or asserting something
  • substance
  • (مواد)
  • the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists
  • approximation
  • (تقریبی)
  • a rough calculation of quantity or degree or worth
  • impose
  • (تحمیل کردن)
  • charge and collect payment
  • efficiency
  • (بهره وری)
  • skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort
    زبان تخصصی عمران

 hydraulics 

(هیدرولیک)

noun: parts of a machine or system that use the pressure of water or other liquids to move or lift things

Ex. In order to design an efficient pipe system, the civil engineer applied his knowledge of hydraulics to move the water smoothly through the building.

blueprint

(طرح)

noun: a diagram or technical drawing

ExJane looked at the blueprint to figure out the exact dimensions of the building.

 sector

(بخش)

noun: a specific area of economic or commercial activity, categorized as either public or private

Ex. Engineers work in either the public or private sector, which means they are involved in projects for public government or private corporate purposes.

 discipline

(انضباط)

noun: area of specialization

ExCivil engineering is traditionally broken down into more detailed disciplines focusing on applications within architectural, environmental, structural and transportation fields.

 competency

(شایستگی)

noun: the ability to do something successfully or efficiently

ExIn an increasingly multicultural world, civil engineers must possess a global competency to collaborate with coworkers from diverse cultures.

 structure

(ساختار)

noun: something built or constructed, like a bridge, building or dam

ExThe Leaning Tower of Pisa is an interesting structure because it manages to have strong foundational support despite being tilted off center.

 maintenance

(نگهداری)

noun: the process of keeping a structure in good condition or in working order by repairing it regularly

ExWith proper maintenance, the pipe system throughout the old building should last for several years.

 license

(مجوز)

noun: a permit from an authority to engage in an act

ExThe zoning department gave the engineering firm a license to build the apartment complex in the neighborhood.

 infrastructure

(زیر ساخت)

noun: basic physical and organizational structures, like buildings and roads, needed for society

Ex. After the hurricane, the engineering firm helped rebuild the plumbing and road infrastructure around the devastated community.

 model

(مدل)

noun: a three-dimensional representation of a proposed structure

ExShe showed the investors her model, a scaled down version of the redesigned corporate headquarters.

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